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HERBALS AND DRUG INTERACTIONS

NAME OF HERB

SOME COMMON USES

POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS or DRUG INTERACTIONS


Cayenne

External: used for muscle spasm and soreness
Internal: GI tract disorders

External: potential for skin ulceration and blistering with greater than 2 days of use. Internal: overuse may cause severe hypothermia.


Echinacea

Echinacea boosts the immune system and helps fight colds and flu. Aids wound healing.

Echinacea may cause inflammation of the liver if used with certain other medications, such as anabolic steroids, methotrexate or others.


Ephedra

Ephedra is also called Ma-Huang. It is used in many over-the-counter diet aids as an appetite suppressant. It is also used for asthma or bronchitis.

Ephedra may interact with certain antidepressant medications or certain high blood pressure medications to cause dangerous elevation in blood pressure or heart rate. It could cause death in certain individuals.


Feverfew

Feverfew is used to ward offf migraine headaches and for arthritis, rheumatic disease and allergies.

Feverfew may increase bleeding, especially in patients already taking certain anti-clotting medications.


Garlic

Garlic is used for lowering blood cholesterol, triglyceride levels and blood pressure.

Garlic may increase bleeding, especially in patients already taking certain anti-clotting medications.


Ginger

Ginger is used for reducing nausea, vomiting and vertigo

Ginger may increase bleeding, especially in patients already taking certain anti-clotting medications.


Ginkgo

Ginkgo, also called ginkgo biloba, is used for increasing blood circulation and oxygenation and for improving memory and mental alertness.

Ginkgo may increase bleeding, especially in patients already taking certain anti-clotting medications.


Ginseng

Ginseng increases physical stamina and mental concentration.

Ginseng may cause decreased effectiveness of certain anti-clotting medications. Persons using ginseng see increased heart rate or high blood pressure. It may cause bleeding in women after menopause.


Goldenseal

Goldenseal is used aas a mild laxative and also reduces inflammation.

Goldenseal may worsen swelling and/or high blood pressure.


Kava-kava

Kava-kava is used for nervousness, anxiety or restlessness; it is also a muscle relaxant.

Kava-kava may increase the effects of certain anti-seizure medications and/or prolong the effects of certain anesthetics. it can enhance the effects of alcohol. It may increase the risk of suicide for people with certain types of depression.


Licorice

Licorice is used for treating stomach ulcers.

Certain licorice compounds may cause high blood pressure, swelling or electrolyte imbalances.


Saw Palmetto

Saw Palmetto is used for enlarged prostate and urinary inflammations.

People using saw palmetto may see effects with other hormone therapies.


St. John's Wort

St. John's Wort is used for mild to moderate depression or anxiety and sleep disorders.

St. John's Wort may prolong the effect of certain anesthetic agents.


Valerian

Valerian is used as a mild sedative or sleep-aid. It is also a muscle relaxant.

Valerian may increase the effects of certain anti-seizure medications or prolong the effects of certain anesthetic agents.




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Date of Last Update: 07/27/12